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Do You Use Control Panel To Manages Servers Yourself? Rate Topic   - - - - -

 

Posted 04 April 2018 - 11:56 AM #1

Hi all,
 
Millions of businesses use a control panel to manage servers. But we are not sure it gives them an opportunity to squeeze it all from the hardware due to its interface limitations. Moreover, some operations can be too much time-consuming if made via the panel. As for the software updates routine, it proved to be a pain in the... leg.
 
Alongside, DevOps say that using control panel does not allow you to promptly and smoothly integrate with the advanced methodology of CI/CD development.
 
Read about disadvantages of using control panel on the example of one of the most popular solutions – cPanel, and let us know what you think about the subject.
 
Is using a control panel worth the effort or is it better to trust your servers to professionals for some extra charge?

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Posted 04 April 2018 - 06:55 PM #2

Hey,

 

Really don't know about this one. We have created a bunch of bash scripts which do most of the work for us. They do everything from backing things up, clearing the cache, optimizing database.

 

Furthermore, the general CLi fits better in the workflow of our company. We all use linux due to its more stable nature and because we are able to run certain programs locally (instead of doing all kinds of funky stuff on windows). Lastly, we also use linux as it is way more secure.

 

So I guess it really depends on your developer. A control panel can be useful, but using / learning the CLI has more advantages over the long run.

 

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  • tbirnseth
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Posted 04 April 2018 - 10:26 PM #3

For 99% of merchants, using a control panel like cPanel has huge benefits in simplifying site administration.

If you have the money, obviously paying someone to host and manage your server would be preferred.

Most merchants use a VPS with a control panel.  But trying to be a Linux Admin in addition to managing their store is simply too much to ask.

 

There is the 1% factor that uses dedicated servers without control panels to help administer their server.  I've been involved with Unix/Linux for 30+ years and I would not want to try and keep up with the day to day needs of managing a naked server.  Too many things change over time and if you don't have the time to keep up with it, you'll fall behind and then you'd be in real trouble.

 

Merchants need to spend less time trying to be techy and more time marketing their products and services.  Just 2 cents.


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Posted 05 April 2018 - 01:33 PM #4

For 99% of merchants, using a control panel like cPanel has huge benefits in simplifying site administration.

If you have the money, obviously paying someone to host and manage your server would be preferred.

Most merchants use a VPS with a control panel.  But trying to be a Linux Admin in addition to managing their store is simply too much to ask.

 

There is the 1% factor that uses dedicated servers without control panels to help administer their server.  I've been involved with Unix/Linux for 30+ years and I would not want to try and keep up with the day to day needs of managing a naked server.  Too many things change over time and if you don't have the time to keep up with it, you'll fall behind and then you'd be in real trouble.

 

Merchants need to spend less time trying to be techy and more time marketing their products and services.  Just 2 cents.

 

Absolutely agree.


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Posted 05 April 2018 - 03:55 PM #5

1 – Low stability
The quality of cPanel releases is pretty low. During major updates, there’s a risk to lose the data or overwrite active settings with new ones. Restoring settings, in this case, is problematic due to the over-complicated file structure.

2 – Lack of flexibility
Modern server systems are configured by the automated settings control programmes. They are able to regulate the behavior of both one and several servers.
This method is becoming more popular due to its effectiveness. But cPanel does not allow this kind of automatization keeping all resources under its own control.

3 – Vendor-lock
The software for the Linux family systems is supplied through the repositories. This software is constantly being updated, fixed and supported by the developer and community developers. The components are interchangeable – you can use alternative sources or components combinations to get the result you want. For example, to host CS-Cart you can use Apache or Nginx, or both simultaneously.
CPanel, on the other hand, combines a non-standard stack of software to launch and manage settings. The components, delivered with the panel, cannot be substituted by the alternatives and are supported by a third-party vendor. You become dependant on a single combination of certain software and its developer.

4 – Poor security
Due to cPanel update policy, focused on stability, servers are being updated with the old and vulnerable software. Updating of the separate components without updating the panel is impossible, which is the reason why hosting providers do it rarely.
Control panels create the shell between hardware. The connectivity adds up to an impressive level of control, but also to a lot of compromised security. cPanel is insanely popular that makes it a prime target for hackers.

5 – Time-consuming
Even the smallest changes in a website could take some time to do… while digging in the cPanel, you lose time which you could spare for more profitable actions.
When it comes to certain procedures with files it can take hours to complete. Say, you have a directory with 10,000 unique files. What if you want to move only the files that begin with a specific phrase or any variable? This task cannot be done with a single string in cPanel
When it comes to such root level functions as modifying folder permissions, visibility, or password protection, using cPanel will also require hours of manipulation to have the job done.

6 – Web interface
The web interface is a life savior for a newbie and almost an industry standard for any software. It is suitable for simple tasks and configurations allowing inexperienced users to manipulate server. But using the web interface for complicated tasks is almost impossible. Configuring servers via cPanel is almost the same as coding with the mouse – unprofessional and ineffective.

7 – Uncommon file organization
cPanel creates its individual surrounding, like file paths or error log directory. Making changes in the surrounding configuration files does not assure the correct cPanel or server operation.
This internal ecosystem created solely by the cPanel denies user to perform deep tuning to the server performance, like implementing HTTP/2.

8 – Complicated problems logging
Troubles with servers can be connected to multiple sources. One after another, the error can build up in a complicated chain of issues leading to a fatal error without any sign of where it all started. It does not happen every day but in such case, cPanel won’t allow you to track the starting point and fix the true problem to prevent it occur once again.

Summary
Though cPanel is an outstanding tool to manage server configuration in a convenient interface, it was never meant to allow a user to use the maximum of its server capabilities. It is a smart idea to know how to use it, but if you are running a serious website, like online store or marketplace, you have no place for experiments.
Treat your server like a living organism and cPanel as a phonendoscope. You can perform monitoring on the surface, but if the organism gets sick, you won’t be able to heal it with phonendoscope, you will need a doctor, a pro, who knows how its life processes flow to give you the necessary cure.

 

 

Moreover to your blog post at https://bit.ly/2Ixu40B:

 

1. How did you come to this result? cPanel is the most prevalent web control panel in the world used by almost every web hosting company. I can just say, we use cPanel over 12 years and since 8 years we didn't have any issues with"stability" or what's ever.

 

Did you ever use cPanel? (I mean the latest versions since v6xxx). Restoring settings of what? There isn't a need to "restore" anything and I don't think cPanel will crash because of itself. It can crash only if you don't follow their installation requirements and you will install it on a crap server which has a problem to run just itself without a control panel.

 

Or do you mean restoring of customers cPanel accounts? It has been never easier.

 

2. This has nothing to do with cPanel. cPanel is not the server OS. This will be done via container and virtualization control panel (in case of VPSs).
 

3. Are you saying, that cPanel doesn't use RPMs? What then?

 

Next: of course and very well you can use Apache, Nginx, combinations and caches with cPanel, but you will have to know HOW and what do you doing.

 

4. OMG... Really a JOKE... Don't make CS-Cart users confusing and don't provide misleading information to them.
 

5. Not true and misleading again! Excepting: "When it comes to certain procedures with files it can take hours to complete. Say, you have a directory with 10,000 unique files."

That's right, but this is a work for an administrator and takes a few minutes. Most hosting providers will make such changes per request free of charge. Folder/files permisions will be done via command line - finished between a few seconds to one minute, not in a few hours. But ok, with "someone" skills maybe a few hours...
 

6. So you said that all companies who use cPanel are newbies... Lol...lol...lol well... and once again - cPanel is not a server administrator.
 

7. What do you want to do? Which changes to "configuration files"??? Once you set it up and configure it right, there isn't anything to TOUCH.
 

8. Sure, troubles will occur like if an amateur will try to drive a F1 - that's a trouble.

 

That's your summary. My summary is, never touch a cPanel :D :D

 

Edited:

 

Mr. Maksim Komonov, never touch a cPanel


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Posted 05 April 2018 - 05:23 PM #6

there have been many issues with cPanel stability.  I.e. making incorrect changes to a system on an upgrade of cPanel and blasting settings ultimately breaking a site until a 2nd tier hosting support can diagnose it.  However, it is not frequent and the easiest thing is to simply shut off cPanel/WHM updates until there's a reason to change (Like Easy Apache 4).  Then you can do all the updates at once and expect some issues but can have people ready to address.

 

cPanel is a 3rd party tool and a business that is built on being profitable.  The revenue stream is huge and give the complexity and dynamics of the tool set, I think they do a pretty good job of keeping up and adding value.

 

If you're a purist or a systems person, then it's probably not for you.  But for 99% of merchants, it allows them to manage their site effectively.  They can buy more hardware resources to make up for any overhead increases.


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Posted 09 April 2018 - 02:08 PM #7

Hello, panel lovers!

 

The panels are extremely vulnerable. Your servers can get compromised by being envolved into DDoS attacks or spam mailing. This will dramatically influence your domain authority.

 

More proof of panel insecurity.

 

 

 

Due to a vulnerability within the VestaCP software, an exploit is being used to gain root access to Droplets running this software. Exploited Droplets are then being used to perform a DoS attack to remote servers by sending large amounts of traffic.

Source

 

Here's an example of cPanel last vulnerabilities list.


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Posted 18 October 2018 - 03:08 PM #8

Anyway, when you control your system entirely and know what packages you use you can prevent this https://forum.vestac...tart=180#p73920 

All VestaCP installations being attacked

 

And sure, by using panels, you don't get full control under your server. Or you will be not the only one xD

 

P.S. If you use VestaCP, update immediately!



 
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Posted 20 October 2018 - 04:27 AM #9

If you are running Centos 7, a very good free replacement of cPanel is CW Panel Centos, esp., if you get the Pro version for the astronomic price of $1 per month.